By Jr., Robert C. Owens, Ebbing Lautenbach
This book offers a state of the art evaluate of key matters with regards to antimicrobial resistance, together with a spotlight on key pathogens inflicting universal healthcare-associated and community-acquired infections. The epidemiology and healing issues of those antimicrobial resistant organisms are mentioned, in addition to the scientific and well-being fiscal effect of infections because of them. This innovative reference additionally offers a devoted part overlaying the medical programmatic suggestions used to lessen the becoming antimicrobial resistance challenge, together with useful info concerning interventional ideas and their implementation. as well as antimicrobial resistance within the context of typically mentioned tricky bacterial pathogens, rising facts concerning clinically vital fungal pathogens and Clostridium difficile also are lined.
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Additional resources for Antimicrobial Resistance: Problem Pathogens and Clinical Countermeasures (Infectious Disease and Therapy)
3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. World Health Organization. Global Strategy for the Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance: Executive Summary. html) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance. Part 1: Domestic Issues. htm) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance. gov/drugresistance/) Muto CA. Why are antibiotic-resistant nosocomial infections spiraling out of control?
VRE VSE vs. VRE MSSA vs. MRSA; VSE vs. VRE VSE vs. 95 (MSSA vs. 76 (VSE vs. 08 NA NA NA a Increase in Increase in relative cost relative cost of of resistance resistance over over sensitive noninfected infection patient costs costs Hospital charges Hospital costs Hospital charges adjusted to costs NA Cost data SOI index for bacteremia patients APR-DRG complexity index None None SOI controls Increase in relative costs have been estimated when not directly reported. Relative costs based on crude costs comparisons of infection states using the following formulas: Increase in relative cost of patients with sensitive infection over noninfected patient costs = total patient cost of sensitive infections/total cost of noninfected patients Increase in relative cost of patients with resistant infection over noninfected patient costs = total patient costs of resistant infection/total patient costs of noninfected patient Increase in relative cost of patients with resistant infection over patients with sensitive infection = total patient cost with resistant infections/total patient costs with sensitive infections b Authors report as case-control studies when the design is actually a matched retrospective cohort study.
Exposed subjects are defined as those with an identified HAI, while a comparison group is selected from patients who do not have an HAI. Common outcome variables include some measure of cost, length of hospital stay, or mortality. A true case-control study would involve assigning subjects to groups on the basis of their having or not having a particular outcome—in this instance, a high cost of care—and then looking for risk factors, such as having a resistant HAI, that are positively associated with the high cost of care.
Antimicrobial Resistance: Problem Pathogens and Clinical Countermeasures (Infectious Disease and Therapy) by Jr., Robert C. Owens, Ebbing Lautenbach