Download e-book for iPad: Annual Review of Psychology, vol 54 2003 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

By Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler

ISBN-10: 0824302540

ISBN-13: 9780824302542

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Extra resources for Annual Review of Psychology, vol 54 2003

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For personal use only. ADDICTION 45 that pursuit is underway, and is dissociated from the ability of drugs to produce pleasure; that is, addicts will pursue drugs they do not like, as well as those they like (Lamb et al. 1991, Fischman & Foltin 1992). Second, irrationality could arise from the temporary reversibility of cue-triggered “wanting,” which momentarily overrides more rational and stable life priorities (Elster 1999). Even if a person’s explicit declarative goal is abstinence, implicit incentive salience attributions can undermine these explicit goals.

54:25-53. org by Ball State University on 01/05/09. For personal use only. ADDICTION 45 that pursuit is underway, and is dissociated from the ability of drugs to produce pleasure; that is, addicts will pursue drugs they do not like, as well as those they like (Lamb et al. 1991, Fischman & Foltin 1992). Second, irrationality could arise from the temporary reversibility of cue-triggered “wanting,” which momentarily overrides more rational and stable life priorities (Elster 1999). Even if a person’s explicit declarative goal is abstinence, implicit incentive salience attributions can undermine these explicit goals.

1997, Koob & Le Moal 1997). Second, we discuss the idea that drug-taking habits are caused by aberrant learning, because drugs subvert neuronal mechanisms involved in normal learning and memory (Tiffany 1990, O’Brien et al. 1992, Berke & Hyman 2000, Everitt et al. 2001). Third, we present our incentive-sensitization theory, first proposed in 1993, which suggests that drug-induced sensitization of brain systems that mediate a specific incentive-motivational function (incentive salience) causes drugs to become compulsively and enduringly “wanted,” independent of drug pleasure, withdrawal, habits, or memories (Robinson & Berridge 1993, 2000; Berridge & Robinson 1995).

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Annual Review of Psychology, vol 54 2003 by Susan T. Fiske, Daniel L. Schacter, Carolyn Zahn-Waxler


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