Animal Sciences: 4 by Allan B. Cobb PDF

By Allan B. Cobb

ISBN-10: 0028655567

ISBN-13: 9780028655567

ISBN-10: 0028655575

ISBN-13: 9780028655574

ISBN-10: 0028655583

ISBN-13: 9780028655581

ISBN-10: 0028655591

ISBN-13: 9780028655598

ISBN-10: 0028655605

ISBN-13: 9780028655604

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Much of the nitric oxide is converted to nitrogen dioxide in a chemical reaction promoted by sunlight. Computer-controlled combustion and optimally designed combustion chambers can partially reduce the formation of nitrogen oxides. Special catalytic converters can combine nitric oxide with carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons to produce nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and water. Unburned hydrocarbons. Unburned hydrocarbons in air also represent wasted fuel. Gaseous hydrocarbons are not toxic at concentrations normally found in the atmosphere, but unburned hydrocarbons are a major contributor to the formation of ozone and smog.

A sound at or above the 120 decibel level is painful and can injure the ear. Noise pollution is present even in the open ocean. Researchers have shown that whales communicate over great distances using low frequency sound waves. Unfortunately, the noise generated by engines and screws of ships falls in the same frequency range and can interfere with the whale’s communication. Light Pollution Professional and amateur astronomers have recently identified a problem that did not exist a generation ago: light pollution.

Up to now we have been focusing on the population dynamics of a single species in isolation. The roles of competing species, potential prey items, and potential predators are included in the logistic model of growth only in that they affect the carrying capacity of the environment. However, it is also possible directly to consider betweenspecies interactions in population dynamics models. Two that have been studied extensively are the Lotka-Volterra models, one for competition between two species and the other for interactions between predators and prey.

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Animal Sciences: 4 by Allan B. Cobb


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