Download e-book for kindle: American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994 by Roy W. Menninger, John C. Nemiah

By Roy W. Menninger, John C. Nemiah

ISBN-10: 0880488662

ISBN-13: 9780880488662

The heritage of psychiatry is advanced, reflecting assorted origins in mythology, cult ideals, astrology, early drugs, legislations faith, philosophy, and politics. This complexity has generated significant debate and an expanding outflow of ancient scholarship, starting from the enthusiastic meliorism of pre-World struggle II histories, to the iconoclastic revisionism of the Sixties, to extra concentrated experiences, akin to the historical past of asylums and the validity and efficacy of Freudian idea. This quantity, meant as a successor to the centennial background of yankee psychiatry released through the yank Psychiatric organization in 1944, summarizes the numerous occasions and methods of the half-century following global warfare II. such a lot of this heritage is written through clinicians who have been vital figures in it.

In vast phrases, the historical past of psychiatry after the warfare could be considered because the tale of a biking series, moving from a predominantly organic to a psychodynamic standpoint and again again—all possibly en path to an final view that's actually integrated—and interacting all of the whereas with public perceptions, expectancies, exasperations, and disappointments.

In six sections, Drs. Roy Menninger and John Nemiah and their colleagues disguise either the continuities and the dramatic adjustments of this era. the 1st 4 sections of the booklet are approximately chronological. the 1st part specializes in the struggle and its effect on psychiatry; the second one studies postwar development of the sector (psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, psychiatric schooling, and psychosomatic medicine); the 3rd recounts the increase of medical empiricism (biological psychiatry and nosology); and the fourth discusses public attitudes and perceptions of public psychological future health coverage, deinstitutionalization, antipsychiatry, the patron move, and controlled care. The 5th part examines the improvement of specialization and differentiation, exemplified by means of baby and adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, dependancy psychiatry, and forensic psychiatry. The concluding part examines ethics, and girls and minorities in psychiatry.

Anyone attracted to psychiatry will locate this booklet a desirable learn.

Show description

Read or Download American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994 PDF

Similar special topics books

Get Plague Writing in Early Modern England PDF

Through the 17th century, England was once beset via 3 epidemics of the bubonic plague, each one outbreak claiming among 1 / 4 and a 3rd of the inhabitants of London and different city facilities. Surveying a variety of responses to those epidemics—sermons, clinical tracts, pious exhortations, satirical pamphlets, and political commentary—Plague Writing in Early glossy England brings to lifestyles the numerous and complicated methods Londoners made experience of such unspeakable devastation.

Get With Words and Knives : Learning Medical Dispassion in Early PDF

The perform of drugs within the days prior to the advance of anaesthetics may perhaps usually be a brutal and painful adventure. Many approaches, particularly these concerning surgical procedure, should have proved virtually as distressing to the medical professional as to the sufferer. but with the intention to treatment, the scientific practitioner used to be frequently required to inflict ache and the sufferer to undergo it.

Download e-book for iPad: Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue by Ashley J. Welch, Martin JC van Gemert

The second one variation of 'Optical-Thermal reaction of Laser-Irradiated Tissue' continues the traditional of excellence tested within the first version, whereas adjusting the content material to mirror adjustments in tissue optics and clinical purposes considering that 1995. the cloth pertaining to gentle propagation now comprises new chapters dedicated to electromagnetic concept for coherent mild.

Nervous Disease in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain: The by Heather R Beatty PDF

This examine, in keeping with wide use of eighteenth-century newspapers, sanatorium registers and case notes, examines the adventure of being affected by frightened ailment - a supposedly upper-class illness. Beatty concludes that, faraway from the stereotyped portrayal of frightened sufferers in modern fiction, 'nervousness' used to be a valid clinical analysis with a company foundation in eighteenth-century clinical concept.

Additional info for American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994

Example text

Physically separating the patient from the scene of his difficulties would encourage his hope of not having to return, which usually increased his symptoms so as to make returning to work less possible with the increasing distance in time or space between him and his group (immediacy and proximity). Immediacy was important because early intervention did not give the soldier time to brood on his disorder and consolidate symptoms. This crisis-generated patient seldom required more than simple supportive psychotherapy, which usually involved some degree of catharsis and a great deal of clarification.

Low-Intensity Psychiatric Casualties The epidemiology of psychiatric casualties among troops in battle has been examined in numerous studies since World War I (Beebe and Appel 1958; Belenky 1987; Glass 1953, 1954; Jones 1995b; Jones and Johnson 1975; Salmon 1917; Solomon and Benbenishty 1986; Stouffer et al. 1949). Such studies tended to emphasize the psychiatric casualties that resulted from battlefield stress, even though casualties resulting from less dramatic causes had been recognized since World War I.

The psychiatrist offered an alternative hypothesis: “You are not sick nor a coward. ” Thus expectancy was understood as the central principle from which the others derived. A soldier near his unit in space (proximity) or time (immediacy) could expect to return to it. Distance in space or time decreased this expectancy. Similarly, the principle of simplicity derived from this concept. The application of involved treatments such as narcosynthesis (Grinker and Spiegel 1945) or electroshock treatment (both used during World War II) may serve only to strengthen the soldier’s rationalization that he is ill physically or mentally.

Download PDF sample

American Psychiatry After World War II, 1944-1994 by Roy W. Menninger, John C. Nemiah

by Daniel

Rated 4.22 of 5 – based on 39 votes