By Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson
Offering the 1st ever statistical learn of a pro cohort within the period of the economic revolution, this prosopographical learn of a few 450 surgeons who joined the military clinical carrier throughout the innovative and Napoleonic wars, charts the historical past, schooling, army and civilian occupation, marriage, sons' occupations, wealth at loss of life, and broader social and cultural pursuits of the contributors of the cohort. It finds the position that may be performed by means of the nascent professions during this interval in selling quick social mobility. the gang of scientific practitioners chosen for this research didn't come from prosperous or specialist households yet profited from their years within the military to accumulate an exceptional and infrequently wonderful fortune, marry into the professions, and position their sons in specialist careers. The research contributes to our realizing of Britishness within the interval, because the majority of the cohort got here from small-town and rural Scotland and eire yet seldom came upon their better halves within the local kingdom and regularly settled in London and different English towns, the place they typically grew to become pillars of the neighborhood.
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Additional info for Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850
However, from 1756, an attempt was made to bring the regimental surgeon under closer central supervision when a new general ofﬁcer was appointed, the inspector of regimental inﬁrmaries, bringing the number to four. Wherever a regiment was based, in peace or war, the surgeon was expected to set up a regimental hospital by hiring a suitable building. The new inspector’s job was to ensure that such hospitals, be they temporary or permanent, were properly run, both medically and ﬁnancially. At some time, too, in the second half of the eighteenth century, it became a requirement that regimental surgeons or surgeons’ mates, however nominated, had to have passed an army surgical examination.
Moreover, most Irish and Scottish doctors eventually settled outside their homeland. What this meant culturally, however, is much more difﬁcult to say. ⁵⁹ Gibney, on leaving the army after Waterloo, built up his civilian career in Cheltenham, married a Warwickshire lady with West Indian planter connections, and put his son in the army. In later life, was he Irish, English, or British? ⁶⁰ Finally, the book, especially Chapter 6, will throw interesting comparative light on the naval medical corps as an agent of social mobility.
Xx–xxi. For Jackson’s continual conﬂict with the general medical ofﬁcers, see [Borland], ‘The Life of Robert Jackson MD. Inspector General of Army Hospitals’, in Robert Jackson, A View of the Formation, Discipline and Economy of Armies, 3rd edn (London, 1845), pp. lxxix–lxxx. Jackson is not one of the surgeons in the authors’ database. For his career details, see Drew, no. 1190. He gained his MD in 1785: see ‘Life of Robert Jackson’, lxxxii. ¹⁵ As in earlier wars, losses from disease were always higher than losses in battle: see ﬁgures in Cantlie, Army Medical Department, ii, passim.
Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850 by Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson